As a branch of Health Science the first and principal medicine for sport pharmacosanation is rational nutrition (alimentary pharmacosanation). This philosophy was espoused more than five thousand years ago by the great ancient physician and philosopher Hippocrates who taught that "food should be your medicine, and medicine should be your food." His philosophy became the basis for what modern sports medicine practitioners are attempting to put into routine practical use:
Rational nutrition implies a food intake in balance with energy expenditure taking into consideration the main food substances proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and other biologically active substances which insure an adequate range of the degree of diversity and complexity of internal milieu. Rational nutrition is a primary factor in achieving genetic potential, increasing productivity, and maximizing performance.
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